(IVP; Excretory Urography; Intravenous Urography [IVU])
An intravenous pyelogram (IVP) is an x-ray of the urinary tract that uses a contrast material to highlight the flow of urine.
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Reasons for Test
An IVP is done to look for:
Problems are rare, but all procedures have some risk. The doctor will go over some problems that could happen, such as:
- Allergy to the iodine contrast material
- Kidney failure
Things that may raise the risk of problems are:
- Allergy to iodine or shellfish
- Blood disorders
- Poor kidney function
- Taking certain medicines
Pregnant women should not have this test.
What to Expect
Prior to test
The care team may meet with you to talk about:
- Any allergies you may have
- Current medicines, herbs, and supplements that you take and whether you need to stop taking them before the test
- Fasting before the test, such as avoiding food and drink after midnight the night before
- Whether you need a ride to and from the test
- Cleaning out the colon before the test to make it easier to see problems during the test
Description of the Test
An IV will be placed and the contrast material and any needed medicine will be passed through it. You will lie on a table for 30 to 60 minutes. X-rays will be taken at regular intervals. This will allow the doctor to see these body parts at work to find out where problems may be happening. You will be asked to hold your breath each time an x-ray is taken. You will also be asked to empty your bladder in a bathroom before the last x-ray.
You can return to normal activity and resume eating and drinking.
How Long Will It Take?
About 60 to 90 minutes
Will It Hurt?
This test will not hurt. The body may feel warm when the contrast material is given through the IV.
It may take a few days to get test results. The doctor will talk to you about the results and how it may affect treatment.
Problems to Look Out For
Call your doctor if you are not getting better or you have:
- Nausea and vomiting
- Itching or a skin rash
- Shortness of breath
- New or worsening symptoms
If you think you have an emergency, call for medical help right away.
- Complicated urinary tract infection (UTI). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/complicated-urinary-tract-infection-uti.
- Intravenous pyelogram (IVP). Radiology Info—Radiological Society of North America website. Available at: https://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info/ivp.
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